The Body as the Main Attraction 4. Ethnotopias of Early Cinema 5. Playing Primitive The Undisciplined Gaze 6. Zoology, Pornography, Ethnography 7. Ecstatic Ethnography: Filming Possession Rituals 9. Rights Back to Top. Awards Back to Top. Additional Information Back to Top. Publicity material Bk Cover Image Full. Also Viewed. The Undersea Network. Designs for the Pluriverse. Desi Land. The Hundreds. Open an email with this panel link.
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Accepted Papers: Doing ethnography: embodiment and empathy as a method or a modality? Thinking about doing: a theory on the necessity of shared bodily experience. Disability as a resource and perspective in research. Producing ethical knowledge through the ethnographer's gendered body.
Cultural Bodies: Ethnography and Theory
Breton wrestling through the body. Coping with tears: ethnographer's own body experiences in the Roma Pentecostal community. The natives were told that some people had said that the black man could see and hear, etc. This appealed to the vanity of the people and put them on their mettle Rivers 3. Meanwhile, on the other side of the Atlantic, it was in order to explore certain questions having to do with the psychophysics of vision that the young Franz Boas first went to the Arctic to study the Inuit.
Once there, he converted from psychology to ethnology much like Rivers did in the course of the Cambridge expedition but his interest in perception persisted. One could say that all anthropology was sensory anthropology, in the beginning. This turn ushered in a heady period of experimentation with different styles of writing that persisted into the twenty-first century Howes ch.
The Beyond Text? Hence the excitement that suffused the atmosphere at Beyond Text? But the organizers should not have been surprised. The time had come for taking stock of the senses. What put the senses back at the heart of anthropological inquiry? The return of the senses was partly a reaction against the excesses of textualism. An ethnography is no account of a rationalized movement from percept to concept.
It begins and ends in concepts. There is no origin in perception, no priority of vision, and no data of observation…. That experience became experience only in the writing of the ethnography. Before that it was only a disconnected array of chance happenings Tyler But the Beyond Text? Deconstructive it was not. Intimations of this revolt against the tyranny of the text had been building for some time. Its mandate:. It uses analog and digital media to explore the aesthetics and ontology of the natural and unnatural world.
Harnessing perspectives drawn from the arts, the social and natural sciences, and the humanities, the SEL encourages attention to the many dimensions of the world, both animate and inanimate, that may only with difficulty, if it all, be rendered with propositional prose. Most works produced in the SEL take as their subject the bodily praxis and affective fabric of human and animal existence. In the latter half of the book, she discusses the cinematic and epistemological breakthroughs made by a series of ethnographic filmmakers from Jean Rouch to the team of Judith and David MacDougall.
Cultural Bodies Ethnography Theory
All these forces are, of course, interconnected, but it it often seems that the aesthetics features of a society are too easily assimilated into other categories, to such a extent that they become invisible or ignored MacDougall This book sets out the socioaesthetic theory that informs Doon School Chronicles , and also makes many robust claims for the sensuous in anthropology, with film being the primary medium for conveying sense experience. However, as can be seen in the following passage, he remains conscious of the experiential limits of film even as he extols its sensory extensivity relative to the printed page:.
There is a continuous interplay among its varied forms of address — the aural with the visual, the sensory with the verbal, the narrative with the pictorial. Although films still have a comparatively limited experiential range one does not smell the flowers in a film, or speak with others, or touch, or feel touched , they do offer the spectator some insight into the integrated and often confusing social reality faced by the protagonists. Writing can provide the jolt of a physical encounter, but films provide a flow of sensory and other experiences that requires considerable application to derive from writing MacDougall : In her subsequent work, though, visualization has increasingly come to mean the sensualization of knowing and of how anthropologists ought to communicate what they know.
Using a camera i. Grimshaw That is, sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell are not only means of apprehending physical phenomena, but also avenues for the transmission of cultural values. Every act of sensing has a social lining, as well as a psychological and a physical lining. The experience of fieldwork is an experience of sharing in the sensible [ partage du sensible ]. We observe, we listen, we speak with others, we partake of their cuisine, we try to feel along with them what they experience Laplantine 2; see further Robben and Slukka The ostensible immediacy of sense experience must not be allowed to distract us from its constructed character Wolff, this volume.
As Classen observes, when we examine the meanings vested in different sensory faculties and sensations across cultures:. Sight may be linked to reason or to witchcraft, taste may be used as a metaphor for aesthetic discrimination or for sexual experience, an odour may signify sanctity or sin, political power or social exclusion. I have suggested that the Beyond Text? The conference was not solely dedicated to visual anthropology, however. I was alerted to this during a soundwalk around the campus of the university led by Rupert Cox.
In the course of the walk, Rupert pointed out the Ducie Arms. Friedrich Engels was once a patron of this pub it may even have been his favourite pub. The son of a wealthy German textile industrialist, Engels was sent by his father to Manchester in to learn the family trade. He remained there till It was during this period that he wrote the book that would later be translated into English under the title The Condition of the Working Class in England in It documented the penury, mortality, insalubrity and sensory deprivity of the life of the labourer, based on personal observation and archival research.
They finally met face-to-face in Paris in November , 8 shortly after Marx published his own blistering critique of the alienation of the senses under industrial capitalism — namely, the Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of The senses of the bourgeoisie were also affected by the scourge of capitalism, since the bourgeoisie had to forego sensory enjoyment the dance hall, the theatre in the interests of capital accumulation see If a revolt was to come, it would come from the senses.
In the work of Marx and Engels, sensory critique is the beginning of social critique. The senses are critical faculties, as well as aesthetic faculties — critical to and of the experience of class oppression and exploitation, critical of ideology e.
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That era is now gone, but Greenhalgh revives it with the aid of archival photographs, and through interviews with former textile workers. They remember the sensory conditions of work in the mills. Many of the films screened at Beyond Text? Two in particular stood out for me: Black Sun and Christmas with Wawa. His eyes were sprayed with paint thinner by one of his assailants.
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In the voiceover to the film, de Montalembert relates his descent into darkness in the hours immediately after the attack, and then recounts the long, arduous process of rehabilitating his senses that followed. In a supreme act of defiance, within 18 months of the attack, he went on a solo journey to Bali and other parts East. This remarkable journey of discovery, both inner and outer, was partly a quest for a lost lover, and partly to feed his newly attuned senses with the sensations they craved see de Montalembert Tarn does a truly stunning job evoking the sensory world de Montalembert creates for himself and for the viewer through the use of grimy yellow filters, computer graphics and continuously shifting camera angles.
The emphasis is on the interplay of these modalities, which leaves it up to the viewer to forge some kind of sense out of them. Black Sun is a testimony to the art of seeing without light. It is what Classen ch. Christmas with Wawa by Jennifer Deger is, on its surface, the homiest of home videos. When I boarded the plane from Montreal to Manchester, one of the questions I had at the back of my mind was whether Tim Ingold would be at the conference, and if so, what effect his critique of the anthropology of the senses in The Perception of the Environment would have on the gathering.
Murray Schafer, and the inspiration behind many fine works of sensori-social analysis e. It therefore behooves us to examine his contrarian position. The idea of mediation is foreign to Ingold, hence his dismissal of the whole field of visual cultural studies see Ingold in Ingold and Howes Significantly, Ingold has nothing to say about colour compare Taussig ; Classen though he has written extensively about line Ingold b.
This reflects the arch-formalism and tendency towards abstraction of his approach.
There is some question as to whether lines are perceived at all in some cultures, such as the Trobriands Lee , but Ingold ignores this issue. None of these instantiations of the materiality of light and vision in different traditions matter to Ingold materiality being another of his bugbears. Only in the most abstract and uninteresting sense is this proposition true.